Power stations emit various air pollutants depending on their generation type and technologies used. Common pollutants include carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter (PM), mercury (Hg), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
CO2, from fossil fuel burning, contributes to climate change.
SO2, from sulfur-containing fuels, causes acid rain and respiratory issues.
NOx, formed during combustion, leads to smog and respiratory problems.
Power plants release PM, harmful to respiratory and cardiovascular health.
Coal-fired plants emit mercury, posing risks to ecosystems and human health.
VOCs, released during fuel processing, contribute to ground-level ozone. Emissions vary based on fuel and pollution control technologies, with efforts to reduce them through cleaner energy sources and advanced control methods.
Baghouse power plants utilize bag filter systems to control emissions and ensure clean air quality.